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通慧庵 1002次播放 配音:脚爬客 简介>>

位于东崖西麓,九华街东南端,安徽省重点寺院。始建于清初,为化城寺东序寮房之一。1988年住持比丘尼仁义重修,恢复道场,香火日盛。该寺坐东朝西,由5座民居式殿宇组成,新建有宫殿式大雄宝殿。依山就势,高低错落,翠绿拥抱,环境清幽。比丘尼仁义,俗姓姜名素敏,1911年生,辽宁沈阳人。自幼与佛有缘,幼年时边读书边到庙里听诵经,能背诵《心经》、《大悲咒》。年轻时潜心医学,主攻中医针灸。1940年到五台山出家,法名仁义。


1950年报名参加中国人民志愿军,援朝抗美,战地行医。1953年回国后,从事医疗工作。1982年再赴五台山受具足戒。1985年朝礼九华,后又云游四方。1995年返回九华山,住持通慧庵。1995年11月28日圆寂(85岁),其徒思善遵嘱将遗体坐缸存放,1999年1月开缸,肉身完好,现涂漆供奉。比丘尼成金刚不坏之身,惟九华山独有,引起社会轰动。仁义师太生前由一名大家闺秀成为医生、军人、尼姑,直至不腐肉身,加之她参军卫国、行医济世、乐善好施等不凡经历,成为九华山众口皆碑的传奇式人物。

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两期岩浆活动接触关系 1019次播放 简介>>


花岗闪长岩

花岗闪长岩是地下岩浆在地壳深层3千米以下,缓慢冷却形成的火成岩,属深成岩。因其含有相对丰富的角闪石和斜长石,得名花岗闪长岩,它颜色黑白相杂。九华山的花岗闪长岩是在1.4亿年前由太平洋板块和欧亚板块碰撞,引起岩浆上涌冷却后形成,它主要分布在九华山脉两侧,构成青阳岩体。

Granodiorite

 The granodiorite is a plutonite resulting from the slow condensation and crystallization of magma produced inside the crust of 3000 m depth. The name of granodiorite is because of abundant black hornblende and white plagioclase. The granodiorite in Jiuhuashan was the condensed product of magma caused by the collision of the Pacific Plate with the Eurasian Plate 140 million years ago. It constitutes the main part of Qingyang rock body and can be found at the foot of the Jiuhuashan range.


正长花岗斑岩

正长花岗斑岩,是岩浆在近地表冷却形成的火成岩,属浅成岩。它因具有斑状的钾长石晶体,所以称为正长花岗斑岩,颜色肉红。它是1.2亿年前岩浆上涌并穿插到花岗闪长岩岩体内,形成岩墙或岩脉,它主要分布在九华山甲子岭到方家里一带。

Syenogranite Porphyry

 Syenogranite porphyry, a hypabyssal rock, is an igneous rock formed by condensation of magma near to the surface. It is of flesh pink color and contains porphyritic potassium feldspar crystals. The dyke was formed by magma upwelling and intruding into the granodiorite rock body 120 million years ago. It can be found mainly in the Jiaziling-Fangjiali area in Jiuhuashan Geopark.



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天台晓日 1297次播放 配音:脚爬客 简介>>

相传金地藏曾居天台,今存“金仙洞”遗址,宋代始建地藏寺,因坐落天台正顶,故又称天台寺,寺前镌有“天台正顶”四个字。到九华山的佛教徒大多要至此朝拜。从古拜经台拾级直上天台峰,这里称“中天世界”,素有“到九华山,不到天台,等于没来”之说。寺旁建“捧日亭”,亭旁有观日台,是观日出的佳地。


天台峰顶有天台禅寺、捧日亭、金仙洞、一线天等景观。释圆道诗曰:“天风吹上最高处,台下群山入望中。晓雾朦胧钟动处,日亭捧出一轮红。”

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花岗闪长岩的包体群观察点 1053次播放 简介>>


中生代(距今约2.5亿年~距今约6500万年)是中国东南地区构造演化和陆内造山过程的关键时期。1.4亿年前太平洋板块和欧亚板块强烈碰撞,使得上地幔及深部地壳的岩浆混合上涌并冷却,形成花岗闪长岩及其包体。九华山的花岗闪长岩内普遍发育大量暗色包体,这些包体具有细粒岩浆结构,形态以椭圆形和水滴状为主,与花岗闪长岩的接触界线清晰。   这些包体蕴藏着岩浆生成、演化、形成过程等信息,是研究九华山及其周边地区地球深部壳幔作用的重要窗口,也是岩浆混合作用的直接证据,对破译中国东南地区构造演化和陆内造山过程具有重要意义,一直受到岩石学家的重视。

Observation Site of Inclusion in Granodiorite

The Mesozoic (250-65million years ago) is a key period of the tectonic evolution and intracontinental orogeny process in southeastern China. Because of the intense collision between Pacific Plate and Eurasian Plate 140 million years ago, two types of magma were produced respectively in the upper mantle and the deep crust. Then they were mixed, upwelled and cooled down to form granodiorite and enclaves. It can be observed in granodiorite that some dark enclaves are of microgranular igneous texture and oval or drop-shaped. The contact boundary between the enclaves and the granodiorite is very clear.Containing the information about magmatic genesis, evolution and process, these enclaves are the key clews and directive evidences of the interaction between the mantle and the crust in Jiuhuashan and neighboring regions. They are of great importance in researching the tectonic evolution and intracontinental orogeny, and receive much attention from petrologists. 


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天池庵 1001次播放 配音:脚爬客 简介>>
位于东崖西麓,与太白书堂近邻,安徽省重点寺院。因院内有泉出石罅,下凿石池,名“天池”,故以此名庵。天池呈方口形,边宽1.5米,深1.4米。久旱不涸,久雨不盈,池水清洌,甘甜可口,为优质矿泉水。相传李白以此美泉酿造佳醅,招待诗友,自己也常常酩酊大醉。酷暑炎夏,小憩池边,顿感惬意。天池庵前有约100平方米的荷花池,游人观赏荷花,悠闲别致,闹中取静,心旷神怡。


从“天池”南行,上一小台阶,就到了东崖广场。这广场设计精美,既方又圆,四道出口,中有喷水池,明渠半边环绕。四周屋舍鳞次栉比,寺院、民居、宾馆、商店连成一体。广场东为安徽省重点寺院立庵,佛教协会在此办公。

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舒潭瀑布 1057次播放 简介>>

舒潭瀑布由瀑布和舒潭组合而成。瀑布高近30米,宽约2-3米,瀑布台阶上为强抗风化的钾长花岗岩,下为弱抗风化的花岗闪长岩。两者的差异性风化剥蚀形成台阶,山涧流水倾泻形成瀑布。瀑布下为水体冲蚀形成的舒潭,最深处约3.5米,直经约20米。每每皎月当空,舒潭明亮如月,又称“舒潭映月”,是九华山十大胜景之一。

Shutan Waterfall is almost 30 m tall and 2-3 m wide. The rock above the terrace is strong anti-weathering syenogranite, and the rock under the terrace is granodiorite with weak weathering resistance. The differential weathering and denudation of the two rock types formed the terrace and the stream pours down, forming a waterfall. Beneath the waterfall is the Shutan Pond formed by washout. The maximum depth of the pond is 3.5 m and its diameter is about 20 m. In clear nights the pond reflects the bright moon, forming one of the most beautiful sceneries of Jiuhuashan Geopark.

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香山茅蓬 1003次播放 配音:脚爬客 简介>>
安徽省重点寺院,位于中闵园东南,民房三开间。殿内供释迦牟尼玉佛员尊。院墙内外有药草、奇花,院内两颗古牡丹,枝繁叶茂,每年开花达数百朵,尤为名贵。有一泓山泉,汇成员米见方的泉水井,院墙砌在井口横石条上,故有”井泉”之称。茅蓬堂中有一副对联:“香焚小楼传经语,鸟唤翠林闻香山。”住持尼性妙1937年住香山茅蓬,专修净土,持戒精严,60余年未下过九华山。2003年96岁时圆寂,荼毗后有众多舍利出现,是九华山佛教界公认的当今净土宗大德。现任住持为比丘尼印山。
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九华山植被 1017次播放 简介>>

九华山地质公园内自1980年起全面封山育林,严禁砍伐、采挖植物,除毛竹允许间伐外,经济林全部用为风景保护林。当前公园植被覆盖率85.2%,有植物1528种。   九华山植被受海拔变化的影响,垂直分带明显(图示)。您所处海拔为175米,周边植被是以苦槠、青冈、马尾松等植物为主的次生针阔混交林,林内有野猪、雉鸡等野生动物出没。

Vegetation of Jiuhuashan Geopark

   The plant vegetation covers 85.2 % of the Jiuhuashan area and owns 1,528 plant species identified, which benefits by completely closing hillsides to facilitate afforestation, and strictly prohibiting felling, digging, cutting down plants in Jiuhuashan Geopark since 1980. Except for intermediate cutting bamboo forests, all of economic forests have been used for the protected scenery forest.   Because of altitude effect, the vertical pattern of plant vegetation exists in the Jiuhuashan Geopark. At a site of 175m altitude where you stand, the plant vegetation is secondary broadleaf-conifer mixed forest. It mainly consists of Castanopsis sclerophylla, Cyclobalanopsis glauca, Pinus massoniana and etc; and live many wild animals here, such as Sus scrofa and Phasianus colchicus.

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祗园晨曦 1000次播放 配音:脚爬客 简介>>
祗园寺始建于明嘉靖年间,为宫殿式建筑,庙宇层层叠叠,有殿、有楼、有院,回旋曲折,结构精巧,气势宏大,殿内宝气凝聚,煜然炫灿,供巨型的\"横三世\"大佛,为九华佛像之冠。祗园寺背依东崖摩空岭,面对虎形山。晨曦初露,香烟飘渺,诵经声、钟鼓木鱼声不绝于耳。寺侧为三级荷花池,池内鲤鱼跳跃,荷花争艳,一派生机 。
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锥状峰——独秀峰 1026次播放 简介>>


独秀峰,是位于莲花峰和天华峰之间的一座山峰。独秀峰海拔1040米,是九华山正长花岗岩风化剥蚀后形成的锥状峰。该峰壁立凌空,一枝独秀,犹如婀娜多姿的少女。登峰顶,既可远眺九华山“峰丘盆”地貌结构,又可近距离欣赏到天华峰,狮子峰和莲花峰的美景,有“九华山后花园”的称号。

 Duxiu Peak, located between Lotus Peak and Tianhua Peak, is a cone peak formed by weathering and denudation of syenogranite. With an altitude of 1,040m, the peak rise steeply with unique beauty and seems like a graceful girl. At the top of the peak you can overlook the unique geomorphological structure of mountain-hill-basin of Jiuhuashan and enjoy superlative scenery of Tianhua Peak, the Lion Peak and the Lotus Peak, which enjoys a good reputation of “the backyard garden of Jiuhuashan”.


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东岩晏坐 1001次播放 配音:脚爬客 简介>>

东岩云舫又名晏坐岩,该处外观巨岩方正、高耸山顶,其形如舫。

相传僧地藏初来九华山时,常晏坐岩头诵经观景,故又名晏坐岩。明王守仁曾两次于岩头端坐,与和尚谈经论道。继僧地藏、王守仁之后,文人名士争相仿效,并以东岩为题,留下众多诗文。

明代哲学家、教育家王守仁(世称阳明先生),曾两次游览九华山.王阳明重上九华时,宦官曾派遣“锦衣卫”成员暗中盯梢,他却佯装不知,晏坐岩头学老僧。那“锦衣卫”曾坐在东崖的一块岩石上窥视过王阳明,这一岩石后来被称为“锦衣石”。


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华阳科考线路介绍 1005次播放 简介>>

华阳科考线路介绍

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