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节理与植物生长 1102次播放 简介>>

为什么光秃、陡峻的九华山花岗岩岩体有繁茂的植被?这是花岗岩节理裂隙的功劳。九华山花岗岩的节理裂隙一方面为种子发芽、根系生长提供空间环境,另一方面节理裂隙中的泥土和水分提供植物生长的养分。同时,植物生长也会加速裂隙发育与岩石风化,增加新的空间与养分,这是生物物理与化学风化作用。

The Joints and Plant Growth

Why can lush vegetation grow on bald precipitous granite rocks in Jiuhuashan? That thanks to the granite joint fissures which provide space for seed germination and root growth, and on the other hand, the mud and water within joint fissures provide nutrients for the growth of plants. At the same time, the growth of plants accelerates the development of fissures and weathering of rocks, and increases new space and nutrients, which are biophysical and chemical weathering.

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正长花岗岩 1102次播放 简介>>

为什么九华山有些岩石是肉红色?这种岩石是正长花岗岩,肉红色来自主要矿物钾长石,其他主要矿物有粒状白色透明的石英,黑色黑云母。这三种矿物是正长花岗岩的主要矿物。矿物粒径510mm

Syenogranite

Why do some rocks in Jiuhuashan appear flesh pink? This kind of rock is syenogranite. And its flesh pink color comes from the main mineral potassium feldspar. Other main minerals are white granular transparent quartz and black biotite. The three minerals make up main part of syenogranite of 510mm mineral grain sizes.

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细粒正长花岗岩 1138次播放 简介>>

正长花岗岩主要矿物成分是肉红色正长石、白色石英、黑色黑云母。花岗岩英文名称granite,源自拉丁文granum,意指颗粒,granite即指组成花岗岩的矿物是颗粒状。岩石矿物粒径不同就有不同的岩石名称。矿物粒径510mm的花岗岩叫粗粒花岗岩,0.33mm的叫细粒花岗岩。此处细粒正长花岗岩呈脉状侵入早期的粗粒正长花岗岩。

Fine-Grain Syenogranite

The main minerals of syenogranite are flesh pink orthoclase, white quartz and black biotite. The name granite stems from Latin granum meaning grain. Granite means that it is comprised of granular minerals. Rock minerals with different grain sizes result in different rock names. The granite of 510mm mineral grain sizes is called as coarse-grain granite, 0.33mm one called as fine-grain granite. Here, the fine-grain syenogranite in rock vein invaded into early coarse-grain syenogranite

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风化壳 1054次播放 简介>>

风化壳是地表上不连续的原岩原地的残积物堆积层。上是土状碎屑,往下碎屑颗粒增加,粒度变大,再往下为岩石碎块至完整岩石,这是风化壳剖面分层。风化壳是地表岩石经水、气、生物等物理、化学作用(风化作用)后残留形成。原岩中易风化、易流失的矿物、化学成分被风化流失,而耐风化、难流失的矿物、成分就残留,如花岗岩中的黑云母、长石可能先风化为碎屑、土,而耐风化的石英就残留。九华山风化壳是花岗岩风化后残留的碎屑与石英颗粒组成的碎屑堆积层,是植被生长与水分保持的基础物质。

Weathered Crust

Weathered crust is a discontinuous layer of autochthonous debris from weathered protolith. The its upper layer is earthy debris and the down one contains more and larger granular debris, and further down, debris materials are more rock fragments until to the whole rock, that is weathered crust profile. The weathered crust results from physical and chemical weathering of water, air, creatures and so on. Those 

protolith’s minerals and chemical compositions weak against the weathering, like biotite and feldspar in granite, are easily weathered and lost; while those strong against weathering, like quartz, will be residuum to being main composition of debris. The Jiuhuashan weathered crust of granite mainly consists of quartz granules and debris, which are basic substance for plant growth and water conservation.

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大自然的积木游戏:花岗岩石块堆砌阵 1111次播放 简介>>

这里为什么有如儿童垒砌积木般的石头阵?它是花岗岩岩体被垂直方向和水平方向的节理交叉切割,再经风、水、冰、重力等的差异性风化剥离、分割出的较为规则的立方体石块的堆砌景观。

Natural Blocks Game: Granitic Blocks-piled up landscape

Why are there stacked rocks here as blocks game played by children? Being cross-incised by vertical and horizontal joints, and through differential weathering and stripping off by wind, water, ice and gravity and so on, granitic regular cubic rocks were produced and accumulated to form natural blocks game.

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泥石流地质灾害知识知多少-泥石流防范 1010次播放 简介>>

①发现有泥石流迹象,应设法从房屋里跑到开阔地带,观察地形,向沟谷两侧山坡或高地跑。不要顺沟方向逃生,切忌在泥石流中横渡。②逃生时,要抛弃一切影响奔跑速度的物品;③不要躲在有滚石和大量堆积物的陡峭山坡下面;④不要停留在低洼的地方,也不要攀爬到树上躲避。⑤不要停留在河道拐弯的凹岸或地方狭小的凸岸,这些地方容易受泥石流的冲刷淤埋,是危险地带。


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台湾松群落景观 1053次播放 简介>>

九华山特有的森林景观,由原生的台湾松Pinus taiwanensis Hayata为主要树种的针叶林群落,林下有杜鹃Rhododendron simsii Planch灌丛,分布于九华山海拔900-1000米。台湾松是中国特有松属乔木树种,树形优美,生命力强,枝桠平展、粗韧。林内有野猪、白鹇、松鼠等野生动物出没。

Landscape of Pinus taiwanensis Hayata Community

As a unique forest landscape in Jiuhuashan, it is a coniferous forest community consisting of key species of protogenetic P. taiwanensis Hayata. Under its canopée is bush of Rhododendron simsii Planch. The such coniferous forest community distributes in altitude 900-1000m here. P. taiwanensis Hayata is unique Pinus arbor species in China with graceful tree form, strong vitality, spreading and tenacious branches.Wild animals like wild boars, Lophura nycthemera and squirrels appear here.

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云海最佳拍摄点 1156次播放 简介>>

九华山是观赏和拍摄山地云海景观的最佳地点。云海作为特色气象景观是一定条件下形成的低于山顶高度的飘逸云层被人从高处俯首观赏,漫无边际的云层置于绿色山峰群岭之中,宛如临于大海之滨的人眺望蓝色海洋,故称“云海”。九华山云海主要发生在雨雪新霁之后,云海与奇松怪石交辉相映,蔚为壮观。

The Best Photography Spot for Cloud Sea

Jiuhuashan is the best place to enjoy and take photos of mountainous Cloud Sea landscape, a floating cloud layer forming under certain conditions as a special meteorological landscape below the mountain summit. When people on high spot overlooks, the boundless cloud layer is floating into green peaks and ridges, seeming that a person standing by coast view blue ocean, and it is why it is called Cloud Sea. Jiuhuashan Cloud Sea mainly happens in the sunny day right after sleet. Cloud Sea,bizarre pines and grotesque rocks enhance each other's beauty, rather spectacular and magnificent.

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如意石 1138次播放 简介>>

此处高2.2m,长9m,宽2~5m的花岗石状似玉如意,故称如意石。此为经风、水、冰沿花岗岩内的多组节理进行的反复风化剥蚀、剥落后形成。

Ruyi Rock

The granitic rock here, 2.2m high, 9m long and 2-5m wide, resembles Jade Ruyi, so it is called Ruyi Rock, which was formed through repeatedly weathering, denudation and peeling off by wind, water and ice along groups of joints in granite body.

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认识台湾松 1069次播放 简介>>

台湾松Pinus taiwanensis Hayata,也称黄山松,是松科松属,乔木,中国特有树种。台湾松生长在海拔600米以上,针叶2针一束,稍硬直,长7-10厘米;喜光、深根性树种,喜凉润、耐瘠薄,但生长迟缓。台湾松生命力强,枝桠平展、粗韧,树形优美,具有很高的观赏价值。九华山的凤凰松(树龄1400年)、吉祥松、迎客松等景观树都是台湾松的精品代表。

Pinus taiwanensis Hayata

Pinus taiwanensis Hayata, also called Huangshan Pine, is Pinaceae,Pinus and arbor, unique species in China. P. taiwanensis Hayata grows above the altitude of 600m, and each bunch of leaves has two needles, slightly hard and straight, 7-10cm long. It is photophilous with deep root, and it likes cool and moist environment with poor soil tolerance, but it grows slowly. P. taiwanensis Hayata is species that has strong vitality, spreading tenacious branches, gracious tree form, and great aesthetic value. Phoenix Pine (1400 years old), Auspice Pine and Greeting Pine within Jiuhuashan are boutique representatives of P. taiwanensis Hayata.

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花台四季景观 1095次播放 简介>>

花台因盛开杜鹃花得名。春季,鸟语花香,生机盎然;夏季,梦幻云海,气势磅礴;秋季,满山红叶,层林尽染;冬季,冰晶世界,纯洁肃穆。

Huatai Four Seasons’ Landscapes

Huatai name is because of blooming Rhododendra. In spring, birds here are twittering and flowers’ fragrance is everywhere with an exuberant appearance; in summer, cloud sea is fantastically fluctuating and magnificent; in autumn, the whole mountain is red leaves and trees are dressed in beautiful colors, in winter, comes world of ice and snow, pure and solemn.

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中细粒正长花岗岩 1077次播放 简介>>

正长花岗岩构成了九华山的主体。岩石的主要矿物有正长石、石英、黑云母等。正长石颜色为浅肉红色。此处岩石矿物颗粒的粒径0.35mm之间,属中细粒结构,故称中细粒正长花岗岩。

Medium-fine-grain Syenogranite

Syenogranite makes up of main body of Jiuhuashan Mt.and has main minerals of orthoclase, quartz and biotite. Orthoclase’s colour is light flesh pink. The grain size of the rock minerals here is 0.3-5mm, belonging to medium-fine-grained structure and so, it is called medium-fine-grain syenogranite.

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