Buddhism was created by the prince of the ancient India Siddhartha Gautama in 565 B.C. and is one of the three great religions in the world. Buddhism means Enlightened Sage and focuses on the progress and awareness of human’s mind and morality.
Buddhism was introduced into China in A.D. 67 and has evolved into the Chinese Buddhism of national characteristics by promotion and localized development. There are three major branches of Buddhism in China: Chinese Buddhism (Chinese Language), Tibetan Buddhism (Tibetan Language) and Theravada Buddhism in Yunnan region (Pali Language). The Jiuhuashan Buddhism is Chinese Buddhism dating from A.D. 401. Jiuhuashan is one of the four sacred Buddhist mountains in China, the ashram of Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva.
Do you know? What are four sacred Buddhist mountains in China? namely, Putuoshan in Zhejiang Province (the ashram of Avalokitesvara), Jiuhuashan in Anhui Province (the ashram of Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva), Emeishan in Sichuan Province (the ashram of Samantabhadra Bodhisattva) and Wutaishan in Shanxi Province (the ashram of Manjusri Bodhisattva).
Jiuhua Town, as a core scenic area and tourist center of Jiuhuashan Geopark, covers an area of about 12.3 km2 and holds resident population of over 3,740 people. The Buddhism culture here dates back to the Eastern Jin Dynasty (A.D.401). And now, the Jiuhua Town is full of temples, and hailed as Buddhist Country of Lotus Flowers. It is a famous tourist town with Chinese features because of unsophisticated, orderly and graceful Huizhou architecture.
The terrain of Jiuhua Town is a typical structure of“mountain-valley-basin”. The east side is towering Jiuhua ridge with an altitude of 1200 m, the middle is the sequestered Minyuan Canyon with an altitude of about 450 m, the west side is intermountain basin composed of toruliform ponds featuring a paleo-cirque with an average altitude of 650 m, and teemed with high ancient trees. The magmatic rock body here is Qingyang-Jiuhua bimodal granite.
There are some relics related to Li Bai (A.D. 701-762), a famous poet in China during the Tang Dynasty and the nomenclator of Jiuhuashan. Li Bai and his friends wrote the verse “Mysterious yin-yang energy and beautiful scenery of nine peaks are appreciated” in a poem “Couplet for Changing the Name of Jiuzishan to Jiuhuashan” which created the name of Juihuashan. And later, he wrote another verse “I ever stood by Jiujiang River and looked into the distance with Jiuhua Peak. The heavenly river teemed with crystal-clear water is covered by numerous lotus flowers” in his poem “To Wei Zhongkan in Qingyang When Looking at Jiuhua”. These poems depict the picturesque landscape in Jiuhuashan composed of towering, winding and magnificent peaks, hills, basins, rivers, forests and sky.